Patients with a pathological veins, patience with varicose vein‘s have increased possibility in developing thrombophlebitis and clotting in the veins contrary to people that they are veins are normal.
Inside those pathological veins We encounter conditions of increased pressure due to the vein hypertension and the speed of the blood flow is extremely low. These conditions are high-risk factors for the appearance of clotting and thrombophlebitis. Taken under consideration but those veins are directly under the skin and they are daily subjected to minor injuries, it is perceived that the risk for thrombosis increases immensely.
In some cases the thrombosis is about the superficial veins and usually they have a benign course. For example the superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) is a condition in which a clot appears inflammation in a superficial vein. This vein suffers, is a varicose vein in the in the vast majority of the cases. Superficial thrombophlebitis usually has a benign course, And it subsides even without treatment. Notwithstanding, the pain improves quicker and the healing is faster when a treatment is given with anti-inflammatory medicine in combination with the use of external pressure, the use of compression stockings.
Other cases of thrombosis are where the clot is formed in a superficial vein that expands to the deep veins, meaning veins of greater diameter that are situated deeper under the skin between the muscles and next to the arteries. These veins as they enter the abdomen, and they continue to even greater veins, they end up to the heart. From the heart the blood from the veins enters the circulation of the lungs. The appearance of clotting inside the deep veins is also known as deep vein thrombosis (DVT).
It can manifest itself with a sudden pain and edema On the lower extremity and it is very dangerous, because part of the clot can breakout and through the circulation reach the lungs causing pulmonary embolism (PE). Pulmonary embolism can cause discomfort, chest pain, short-windedness, While if it’s massive it is more likely to bring sudden death. Both of the cases that were mentioned above are considered extremely dangerous and and have to be dealt with as a medical emergency. The only sure way to prevent all those conditions is the timely evaluation and correct treatment.